The legendary olive tree and the oil from its fruits have accompanied the history of humanity. 8000 years ago the olive tree was cultivated in the Middle East and the first crops were been in Syria or Crete.

The Phoenicians disseminated this cultivation on all the coasts of the Mediterranean, Africa and South Europe. With the Greeks, olive groves became more and more numerous, but the Romans tried to cultivate these polyvalent fruits in every territory (neglecting in some cases the existing cultivations of southern Italy).

In many cases, the Romans ordered the conquer people the tribute payments with olive oil. The Romans succeed to build the first instruments for squeezing the olives and the perfect techniques for storing the oil.

From the beginning the olive and its fruits have been present in men's history both in sacred rituals and in everyday life. In fact, oil was used not only to enrich food, but also to massages and cosmetics.

In Homeric poems, the oil was used exclusively for cleaning and hygiene. The ancient Romans classified olive oil in five qualities: "oleum ex albis ulivis", coming from squeezing green olives; "Oleum viride", coming from olives harvested at a more advanced maturation stage; "Oleum maturum", coming from aged olives; "Oleum caducum", coming from almost-passing olives that was intended for slaves.

Numerous instruments for picking and squeezing olives, found by archaeologists in various excavations in the Mediterranean area, as well as the verses of the Bible and the Koran, show the historical importance of this fruit of olive and man's work.

Even at the dawn of the third millennium, olive oil is a product of mysticism and a fundamental component of the famous Mediterranean diet, a fashion for the experts that they attest to the health benefits of the oil.

Oil, the history
Oil, the history
Oil, the history
Oil, the history

Olive oil and its legend

Sacred and profane legends, religious and symbolic rituals, mythological representation emphasize the historical importance of olive culture and its great symbolic value. The Bible says that when the trees decided to elect a king, the first to be designated as the most deserving of this supreme dignity was the olive tree which, in spite of his lively insistence on him, declined to justify his refusal to The fact that government care could distract him from the important mission God gave him for the benefit of men.

The legend says that Noah after the Flood expelled a dove from the ark and this came back with an olive twig between the beak, a sign that the waters had withdrawn and that peace was on the earth.

The mythology handwriting that one day raises a contention with the gods of the Olympus between Neptune and Minerva for the Signoria of Attica, Jupiter decided that he would give the dominion to who among the two contenders had created the most useful thing: Neptune created the horse, Minerva simply planted an olive tree, teaching her use and culture. Minerva was awarded the victory and the Greek cult consecrated the olive, a cult transmitted to the Romans who used it twisted in twigs to reward the deserving citizens of the homeland.

The famous verses of the Odyssey is that of Ulysses and his friends that after they reimained on the uninhabited island, they entered a giant cave in for search food. Polyphonic, aware of their presence closes them in with a giant stone and begins to eat them. Ulysses, to save himself and his companions, decides to get drunk Polifemo. After drunk, the Cyclope, asks the hero what his name is, and he replied that his name was "none". Then they took a trunk of burning olive tree, and blinded him by saving his life.

Olio, la leggenda
Olio, la storia
Olio, la storia
Olio, la storia